Gum surgery is a procedure done to create a balance between the amount of gum tissue and length of the tooth.
Generalized gingival inflammation
It is also known as swelling of the gums. it is caused due to infected gum tissue that lines the gum pocket.Infected gum tissue is removed by a procedure called Gingival Curettage. Tartar on the root surface is removed by a procedure called Root Planing. This causes the root surface to become smoother so that the gum issue can attach to it.The gum tissue will look firmer and pinker. Some shrinkage of gum tissue may occur. These procedures are done under local anaethesia. Periodontal disease like periodontal pockets: Gingival Flap Surgery is done if pockets are greater than 5mm in depth.
Sometimes your gums can shrink down, exposing a portion of your tooth roots. This causes a cosmetic problem because root surfaces, which have no enamel covering, tend to appear more yellow than the crowns of your teeth. Also, exposed roots can be more sensitive to cold or touch, and can be at greater risk of decay. There are various procedures that can cover exposed roots, all of which involve moving gum tissue from one site in the mouth to another.
It is conducted to remove excess gum tissue that may be overgrown on the teeth to provide a better area to clean the teeth. This can be done either surgically or with laser technology. The advantage of a laser is that it seals the tissue as it sculpts it, making the procedure more comfortable and requiring a shorter healing time.
All cosmetic gum surgery can be performed at the dental clinic - and it usually requires only a local anesthetic. In fact, for laser surgery you may need only a topical anesthetic applied in gel form. Laser surgery leaves no open wounds and causes minimal discomfort.